Rose is an unusually beautiful and delicate flower from the Rosehip family. There are more than 250 species and more than 200,000 varieties of this plant. Roses are very popular among gardeners and florists due to the combination of incredible beauty with easy cultivation. All cultivated types of roses are divided into garden and park. Among garden roses, bush types of roses, hybrid tea, climbing and polyanthus roses, floriunda and gandiflora, miniature roses and groundcover are more popular. This article will tell you in detail how to plant bush roses correctly, how to grow and care for them in the open field.
Description of bush rose
Shrub roses can have a bush from a narrow pyramidal to a spreading shape. The height of the shrub depends on the species. One can be from twenty-five centimeters to three meters, and sometimes even higher. The bushes have main branches and young shoots. The leaves of the plant are odd-pinnate, ovoid or elliptical in shape. The edge is serrate; there are two more leaf-like stipules. Flowers can be of various shapes and colors, rather large. The peduncle can grow from 10 cm to 80 cm. The name of the rose also depends on the shape of the flower. For example, pion-shaped, cone-shaped, cupped, pom-shaped, flat, spherical, saucer-shaped and others. As for the colors of bush roses, they can be of various shades and their combinations of absolutely all colors, except for bright blue. Roses with flowers of this color have not yet been bred. There are also roses, the color of which changes throughout the season. In addition to a variety of shapes and colors, roses have incredible scents.
Features of growing bush roses
No wonder the rose is called the queen of flowers, because it requires proper treatment. In order to grow a lush and healthy bush, you need to know what conditions and care the plant prefers.
Advantages and features of the rose:
- Shrub roses are quite cold-resistant, but still need shelter for the period of winter cold. Covering them is not easy, since the bush is large enough.
- Roses are not as capricious as they seem to be dressed. But they need mandatory annual sanitary and formative pruning.
- In autumn, it is necessary to prune spray roses that bloom again.
- Shrub roses have thorns.
- With the help of spray roses, you can decorate the garden and make an original landscape design. Lush bushes look incredibly beautiful both in combination with other flowers and on their own.
Planting roses in open ground
The right time for planting roses is considered from the first decade of September to the middle of the next month. It is also better to buy seedlings of bush roses in the autumn, since in the spring they sell seedlings that were dug out last fall, but not sold out. Such seedlings are weaker, as they have undergone great stress during the winter period, they take root worse and do not bush well. During the purchase, you must carefully examine the seedlings and choose healthy and stronger ones.
You need to plant a bush rose in a well-lit area, where there is partial shade at noon. Groundwater should not be too close, it is better to choose a planting site on a small hill and definitely not where roses have already grown for a long time. The soil for planting roses should be fertile, drained and acidic. If you take into account all the preferences of a bush rose, then it will bloom profusely and for a long time.
Before planting, it is necessary to cut off the roots of the seedling, remove the dry and shorten the stems to 25 cm. Then lower the seedling into water for several hours. The pit for planting a seedling should be slightly larger than the root system of the plant, along with an earthen clod. The soil at the bottom of the pit must be loosened, and the soil dug out of it must be mixed with compost and wood ash, this will significantly increase the level of its fertility. Then it is necessary to put the seedling in the prepared hole and gradually cover it with fertile soil, periodically crushing it. Then the rose should be well spud and grooves should be made around the bush so that water does not leak out when watering. Watering will need to be done a couple of days after planting. The distance between rows and bushes should be at least 1.5 meters.
Caring for roses in the garden
For the first year after planting, the bindweed should pinch the tips of the shoots, as well as the buds that form in early summer. This will allow the plant to gain more strength and power with a healthy and strong bush. In the middle of summer, it will be necessary to remove only after they have formed. Then the bush rose will grow very strong and rather unpretentious. Caring for a rose is not so difficult, it is enough to regularly water and prune, remove weeds and loosen the soil, and make the necessary fertilizing.
For the first year after planting, the bushes must be watered once every two days. Then watering should be cut back and the plant should be watered only when necessary when the soil is dry. Watering should be moderate but plentiful. Water for irrigation should not be cold. Watering must be done carefully so as not to knock the roots out of the soil. After flowering ends, watering must be stopped. It is better to water roses in the morning or in the evening before the onset of heat.
Top dressing and fertilizers
After planting, you do not need to fertilize for the first year. But from the second, it is imperative to do this. You need to feed spray roses four times per season. In the spring; during the formation of buds; after the end of the flowering period; before lignification. After spring pruning, add ammonium sulfate (20 g). After 2 weeks, the application of this fertilizer must be repeated. When the buds are tied, you need to feed the rose with ammonium nitrate and superphosphate (30 g each) and potassium salt (10 g). After the end of the flowering period, rose bushes need to be fed with a balanced complex of mineral fertilizers for flowering garden plants. Roses can be fertilized with both mineral fertilizers and organic matter. Wood ash, slurry and chicken droppings are excellent organic fertilizers.
Roses can be transplanted in spring and autumn. But best of all, the bushes tolerate the April transplant. Before transplanting, it is necessary to cut off all branches by twenty centimeters, remove dry and damaged shoots, as well as all leaves. Then you need to dig out the rose along with the earthy lump, taking into account the peculiarities of its root system. The bush transplant hole must be watered abundantly. I transplant a rose in the same way as the planting of seedlings is carried out.
Pruning spray roses
Pruning and covering roses for the winter. Garden World site
The hardest part of getting away is pruning the bushes. Pruning is necessary in the spring, summer and autumn. In the spring, you need to carry out formative pruning and remove excess and damaged branches. In the summer, it is necessary to carry out sanitary pruning and remove dried buds and thin them out a little. In autumn, you need to cut out all dry and damaged branches that interfere with the proper growth and development of the bush.
You need to prune roses before the buds begin to swell. It is necessary to remove all dry and damaged branches, as well as those that grow in the wrong direction and interfere with the growth of the plant. Also, during pruning, you need to form the shape of the crown. Pruning should only be done with sharp and sterilized instruments. This will avoid the entry of various bacteria into the bush, which can provoke a variety of diseases. After trimming, the cuts must be treated with garden varnish.
Shrub roses after flowering
When the flowering period is over, it is necessary to gradually stop watering the bush. At the end of summer, you need to feed the plant with fertilizer high in phosphorus and potassium. It is best to remove young shoots, since they are unlikely to have time to get stronger before the onset of frost. It is necessary to regularly remove the weeds around the plant and loosen the soil. In the second decade of September, the bush must be spud with a prepared mixture of fertile soil, sand and peat. The covered area should be covered with plastic wrap.
Preparing for winter
All damaged, dry and excess branches must be removed, and the cuts must be treated with garden varnish. It is imperative to remove the leaves from the branches and burn them outside the territory of the site. In order to prevent pests from overwintering in the soil and on the plant, it is necessary to treat with a solution of Bordeaux liquid. With the onset of the first frost, roses should be covered with dry foliage of healthy plants or spruce branches. Poisoning for rodents should be spread out next to the bush so that they do not damage the plant in winter. A large amount of snow should be poured onto spruce branches or dry leaves, this will allow roses to better endure winter frosts.
Diseases and pests
Due to the wrongly chosen place for planting a rose and improper care of it, the bushes can infect such diseases as powdery mildew, pernonosporosis, black spot, rust and chlorosis. Fungal diseases can be cured by spraying the bush with special preparations. But with chlorosis, you need to fight with the introduction of missing fertilizers, since this disease occurs due to a lack of nutrients and trace elements.
Shrub roses affect both sucking and gnawing pests. Suckers include: whitefly, aphids, ticks, scale insects, leafhoppers. Gnawers include: beetles, sawfly larvae and caterpillars. Due to the attacks of these harmful insects, the bush loses its decorative effect, becomes weak, the flowering duration and abundance decrease. In order to get rid of these pests, it is necessary to treat the plants with special preparations. Also, for prevention, you need to spray the bushes with a solution of Actellik or Karbofos. After the autumn pruning, it is necessary to collect all the trimmed parts of the bush and leaves and remove from the garden.
Roses are all the secrets of growing ..
The Latin name for this variety is Jubilee Celebration. It was introduced into culture in the UK in 2002. This bush rose was named in honor of the 50th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II. The main goal of David Austin has always been to breed ideal and at the same time quite unpretentious bush roses that can grow on any soil. And in most cases he succeeded. Almost all the varieties he received, including the jubilee celebrity rose, do not require any special care.
General information about the flower
The appearance of roses on Earth dates back to ancient times. Man learned about them 40 million years ago. These plants are from the wild rose genus, which unites 250 plant species and 200 thousand varieties of them. Currently, roses have been bred, the flowers of which differ in a different structure, smell, petal shape, color and other characteristics. These amazing flowers are popular with gardeners, designers and beauty lovers. One of the types is spray roses. They are easy to care for, since, apart from watering and timely pruning, they do not need anything.
How to care for roses - basic rules in one article
Flowers grow well in any soil. But only if the place is not flooded, not shaded too much and not too cold and windy.
Roses do not grow well if they have been grown in the same area for many years. But rosaries are made for quite a long time. If this happens, then plant the roses in a new location. To do this, you can at the same time update old bushes by spilling their roots or propagating them by layering, cuttings. Another option is to replace the top 30 cm of soil with fresh soil in the old rose garden.
Apply a generous amount of compost with a pitchfork, as roses like to eat well. And add special fertilizer for roses according to the dosage indicated on the package.
Plant bush roses at a distance of 45-60 cm from each other and at least 30 cm from the edge of the flower bed. And large-bush roses - 1.5 m from each other and 50 cm from the wall or fence.
Companion plants should not be too vigorous. So that they do not compete with roses in the fight for water and nutrients.
Planting a rose
Submerge the rose roots in a bucket of water for a few minutes, then let the water drain.
Dig a hole about twice as deep and twice as wide as the tuft of roots. Partially fill the hole with a mixture of soil, compost and fertilizer.
Submerge the seedling in the hole, sprinkle a little and water. Now wait for the water to drain completely. And then compact the soil with your heel. If the soil is not too wet, water again.
Then spread the mulch on wet soil in a layer of at least 5-8 cm. A good material for mulching is compost from the bark.
How to care for roses
Feed your roses annually with fertilizer in March and then in June and early July.
Remove wilted buds to extend the flowering season. Cut them off at the bosom of a good leaf.
Collect and burn dry leaves as they harbor pathogens. If there is no time for this work, then spill the soil under the roses in spring and summer with Bordeaux liquid.
Pull the weeds out at the base of the bush regularly.
Tie new shoots of climbing and climbing roses regularly. To avoid injury to the plant, create a buffer between it and the support. The leash should be strong, but should not cut into the tissue (an interesting option for such a leash is dental floss: strong and invisible).
Types and varieties of astilba
The bush astilbe looks very beautiful in the garden, which loves partial shade and moisture. Many varieties are suitable for garden plots:
- Astilba is Chinese. Bush up to 1 m tall with pinnately dissected elongated leaves. The edges of the leaves are slightly serrated. Chinese astilbe has small flowers that are concentrated in lush apical inflorescences. The colors of this species range from pale lilac to lilac-pink.
- Japanese astilba. A low bush (up to 40 cm), with complex pinnately dissected dark leaves. Paniculate inflorescences are collected from small white flowers.
- Astilba David. The tallest bush flowers of this species (up to 1.5 m). In the wild, they are found in Mongolia and China. The bushes are spreading, the leaves on them are light, feathery. Inflorescences are large, color from pink to lilac.
- Astilba Arends. This is a whole group of hybrid varieties based on David's astilba. Bushes with high peduncles of various colors. They are appreciated for their decorative effect and duration of flowering.
When planting astilba, a distance of about 50 cm should be maintained for tall varieties, up to 30 cm for low varieties. Before planting, the soil for bush flowers, the photos of which look very bright and elegant, are fertilized with compost and rotted manure. The plant loves watering and mulching. It is better to cover for the winter, because with spring weather drops, astilbe can die. The plant is propagated by dividing the bushes, buds or seeds.
Where do they plant?
This variety is used in suburban areas, of course, exclusively as a decorative one. The "jubilee celebration" rose is planted (photos clearly demonstrate its unusual beauty), like any other English bush, usually in the background of flower beds or along fences. In warm regions, this plant can even be used as a hedge.
In any case, the place for this rose, as already mentioned, should be sunny - in the shade, its shoots begin to stretch strongly. In addition, the flowering will not be so abundant. The sun should illuminate this variety for at least 6 hours a day.
You need to plant the purchased roses either on a hill or out of the blue. Lowlands for shrub varieties, which include "jubilee celebrity", are categorically not suitable.In the spring, after the snow melts, the roots of a rose planted in such a place will definitely be wiped out.
It has long been known that the main "greenhouse" power is Holland. But there is a decline in production due to high energy costs. For the full operation of European greenhouses, powerful electric lamps are needed. Africa is lucky in this regard, it uses free light, which is the sun. As a result, Kenya became one of the first exporters of roses and took the lead in sales to Western Europe.
The Kenyan rose has become the second most important source of income for the Kenyan budget. The country receives four hundred million euros a year from the sale of flowers, and dozens of people have jobs. There is also a problem: the shores of the lake are overflowing with rose bushes and people, as demand for Kenyan roses is growing at a fast pace.