Petunia: pinching, feeding and diving
Hello, dear friends - summer residents and gardeners!
Today we will talk about how to care for petunia seedlings after a dive, if you want the bushes to be strong, compact and fluffy.
This year I sowed petunias in 400 ml disposable glasses with 10-20 seeds each. I sowed an ampel petunia on February 10, and two bush varieties - on February 23. All the seedlings developed differently, therefore, I carried out the picking of the seedlings in glasses with a volume of 150-200 ml at different times, namely when I saw that the seedlings became cramped in the glass and they interfere with each other.
Each of the petunia varieties also had to be fed after the pick at different times, since some took root earlier than others. The last were the seedlings of the yellow bush petunia. 12 days have passed since the pick. Some bushes have taken root quickly and have already grown well, and some have been sick for a long time and have only now begun to grow.
Today I plan to feed the seedlings that were the last to be picked. Now it is already clear that they have taken root after the transplant, and that they have new leaves. It usually takes 7 to 14 days to adapt.
At this stage of the seedling period, petunia needs feeding for the development of the root system, because the more powerful it is, the stronger and more compact the bush itself will be. For flower crops, including petunias, I use mineral fertilizers with a predominant content of phosphorus, which, as you know, has a beneficial effect on the growth and development of the root system, stimulates the formation of many small roots and new strong shoots. Therefore, the first feeding after picking I use the preparation "Monopotassium phosphate", in which there is no nitrogen at all, but the phosphorus content is 54%, and the potassium content is 34%.
To prepare top dressing, you need to dissolve 1.5 g of fertilizer in 1 liter of water. In each glass with a volume of 150-200 ml, it is enough to pour 1 tablespoon of such a solution. Do not forget that fertilizer is applied on a pre-moistened soil, otherwise the roots may get burned. Very soon after applying top dressing, the seedlings will noticeably increase the number of roots, and the bushes themselves will begin to develop rapidly.
There is one more important point in growing petunias - the obligatory pinching of the central shoot. This manipulation is performed to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots. You can also pinch the shoots in bush varieties of petunias, but this is not necessary. This operation is simply necessary for ampel varieties.
You need to cut off the central shoot as close to the surface of the soil as possible, and in order not to leave an ugly stump, make a cut close to the last leaf left. After pinching, the small side shoots will begin to develop rapidly and the bush will look compact and bushy.
From my point of view, picking, feeding after it and pinching are the most important and mandatory procedures for petunia seedlings, which is why I shared my experience with you. And you can use it if you like. I wish you all success and good mood.
Video about feeding and pinching petunia seedlings
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Why are tomato sprouts stretched out
In order for tomato seedlings to be strong, healthy, and then you get a rich harvest, you need to eliminate the problem at the root.
Reasons for stretching sprouts:
- Little light. As soon as the first nodules of sprouts hatch, immediately after sowing, it is necessary to increase the illumination, put the seedlings under a lamp.
- Reduce the number of sprouts in one area.
- Excessive watering. Tomato sprouts should be watered when the ground becomes dry.
- It is necessary to reduce the room temperature to 16 degrees. Just open the window.
- Do not use soil from the garden. It is best to sow in a loose coconut substrate. The seeds must be in it before the pick.
- Carry out a pick when 2 true leaves are formed.
- Do not feed with fertilizer before diving.
What should be done to prevent the seedlings from thinning? Experienced gardeners are in no hurry to sow seeds. Pepper seeds should be sown on February 23rd, and tomatoes on March 8-9th. With such a schedule, peppers and tomatoes will have time to grow to the desired size.
And what to do if all the seedlings have stretched out, become thin and pale. To correct the situation, it is necessary to spray with growth regulators, for example, "Regular".
In order not to harm thin sprouts, but simply to slow down growth, you must follow all the recommendations prescribed in the instructions.
How to plant petunia seedlings
In order for the petunia to start blooming as early as possible, it is better to sow the seeds not in open ground, but to pre-grow the seedlings in pots or boxes.
This should be done in early March, some varieties of ampel flowers are sown in February, as they have a longer growing season. Seedling boxes should be shallow, with low sides so that the plants have enough sunlight.
Petunia loves light and loose soils, saturated with oxygen. You can buy soil for flower seedlings in a specialty store, but it is easy to prepare it at home. For this you will need:
- two parts of turf land
- the same amount of deciduous soil
- one part of peat
- one part of river sand.
All components need to be mixed, and the soil for petunia seedlings is ready.
There is another option: to combine three parts of garden land, three parts of peat and some baking powder (wood ash, sawdust, sand, humus) in a container for petunias.
It is advisable to sift the soil for seedlings of flowers, since the seeds of this flower are very small, they may "hang" or not grow through clods of earth. Sifted earth is poured into containers and poured abundantly with settled water with the addition of manganese. You can sow seeds the next day.
It is better to mix small seeds with dry river sand - this way it is easier to distribute them evenly over the seedling container. If the seeds are granular, they are already clearly visible and very convenient to lay out.
Having distributed the seeds in the container, they are lightly sprinkled with dry sifted soil, and then sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle. Now the container needs to be covered with a plastic lid, film or glass and placed in a warm place, the temperature is kept around 23-25 degrees.
Planting petunias for seedlings is over, now you just have to wait!
Picking up seedlings of flowers
When the first shoots appear under the film (about five days after sowing the seeds), it is necessary to remove the shelter and transfer the seedlings to a cooler place. Now the optimal mode for flowers is 18 degrees at night and about 20-22 in the daytime.
Growing petunias at home requires additional lighting of seedlings, because in February-March there is still very little sunlight - plants may die from a lack of it. To do this, you can use any fluorescent lamps, only you do not need to install bulbs that heat up, excessive heat will destroy fragile flowers.
It is necessary to dive seedlings of flowers when a couple of leaves are formed on each plant. Before transferring to separate containers, the seedlings must be watered abundantly with warm water and left for several hours.
You need to transfer petunia very carefully - the miniature stems and leaves are very fragile. Plants are taken by the petal, making sure that a clod of earth is held between the roots, and transferred to an individual cup or pot.
After transplanting, the plants are sprayed with warm, settled water from a spray bottle.
The flowers have been planted, now you have to wait for the spring heat to move the petunia to a permanent place. In the meantime, plants need regular care and proper watering.
How to care for a petunia while it is in the house
Petunia seedlings cannot grow on their own - they need proper care. To grow healthy and strong flowers by May, you must follow a number of rules:
- Water seedlings of flowers only from a spray bottle, using settled water at room temperature. This should be done with a spray bottle, since the roots of the petunia at this stage are superficial, they can be easily washed.
- For rapid growth and abundant flowering, flower seedlings begin to fertilize two weeks after picking. To do this, you can use any mineral or organic fertilizers dissolved in water for irrigation. Growth stimulants and special additives designed specifically for petunias are also often used. Do not fertilize the flowers with a mullein - it can contain spores of fungi, which is very dangerous for petunias.
- In order for the bush to be beautiful and uniform, the seedlings of flowers must be pinched, forming stems and side shoots. Only ampelous varieties do not need to be formed - their creeping stems will still tend to grow in length.
- Plants often bloom before they can be transferred outdoors. There is nothing wrong with this, on the contrary, you can personally see the shade of the inflorescences, on the basis of which you can draw up a plan for the design of a flower bed or flowerpot.
- Two weeks before transplanting petunias to a permanent place, they begin to temper. The process resembles the hardening of tomato or pepper seedlings - the boxes are simply taken out onto the balconies or outside, gradually increasing their time in the fresh air.
When the bushes of the seedlings become lush and strong enough, 15-20 buds or inflorescences will form on each of them, the leaves will be bright green, petunias can be taken out into the open ground.
Petunia - planting and care from A to Z. Seedling of petunia from seeds at home
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In our article, we want to share our experience with you and propose to go from sowing to obtaining adult plants. Petunia - growing petunias at home.
When to plant petunia?
February is coming, which means that it is time to plant ampelous petunia. How much exactly ampelous? First, ampel petunia is a very powerful and beautiful plant. Secondly, ampelous petunias take time to build mass and demonstrate their beauty.
If you are late planting petunias, it is not a big deal. The main thing to decide is when you want to get a flowering plant. It takes about three months from the moment of sowing to the appearance of the first flowers.
There are many types of petunias - ampelous, large-flowered and terry.
Seedling petunia - soil
The best soil for petunias is a versatile peat-based soil. We do not recommend using the "living land". In addition, for growing petunia seedlings, do not use the land brought from your summer cottage or from other plants. Remember that the ground must be fresh.
What to germinate? To germinate petunias, we advise you to use plastic containers that you can buy in any supermarket, ordinary, disposable ones are suitable. They are very convenient to use, and after that, you can wash and leave until next time.
So, containers and soil have been purchased, seeds too, and we can start sowing seeds.
Fill the containers with soil by a quarter, this will be enough for germination and the appearance of cotyledons. When adding soil to the planting containers, it is necessary to remove all large particles from the soil, since the petunia seeds are small, and the surface on which you will sow the seeds should be flat.
IMPORTANT! It is imperative to take into account the moisture content of the soil, if it is dry it will need to be moistened. Before sowing petunias, sprinkle the soil with water and be sure to level the soil surface.
It is impossible to give specific advice on choosing the optimal soil for petunia seedlings. Remember that when buying, you must take into account that the land should be versatile and with little peat content. After we have moistened the soil, we take out the seeds. Petunia seeds can be of two types, in granules and without.
Planting petunias - seeds in granules
Seeds in granules - make it easier to sow petunia seedlings, since the seed of this plant is very small and it will be quite difficult to spread them evenly on the soil surface.
To plant small petunia seeds, you need to take a regular toothpick. Soak the tip in water and gently transfer the seed to soil for planting... Distribute petunia seeds so that each plant has its own place in the container. When the petunia is picked, this sowing method will greatly facilitate your work.
IMPORTANT! Remember that after you have distributed the seeds in the planting container, you cannot sprinkle them with earth. Petunia seeds in granules very quickly absorb moisture from the soil, it will be very difficult to transfer them to a new place.
Don't forget to label your landing container.
TIP! Rewrite all the data about the variety and be sure to indicate the date of sowing the seeds, if you keep a sowing book, of course. Remember that any seedling requires accurate data, numbers and numbers. In the future, this will greatly facilitate your work on caring for the seedlings.
So, planting petunias completed and it remains for us to close the containers with a transparent lid. It is not for nothing that we recommended that you purchase and use disposable containers for germination, since they are sold with lids, which is very convenient.
Planting petunias - regular seeds (no granules)
The seed planting technology without granules is identical to the first method. In the same way, the soil is moistened and its surface is leveled. Pay special attention to leveling the surface of the soil, since petunia seeds without granules are very small.
Of course, it is very convenient to plant petunia seeds in granules, because they are clearly visible. But you need to know that seeds in granules are less stored and germinate later.
After you have leveled the soil, take the seeds and spread evenly on it with a toothpick. Remember that we do not cover the soil surface with earth. Usually, a small container is sufficient for planting 10-12 plants.
IMPORTANT! Recall that in the future it is not recommended to water the seedlings of petunias from a watering can or a spray bottle, since water can immerse the seeds in the ground, and they must be on the surface.
After sowing the seeds, cover them with a lid and mark the containers. Rewrite all data in your seedling book and remember to note the sowing date.
If the soil is not sufficiently moistened, then after sowing the seeds, it can be watered. To do this, we pour water from an ordinary mug along the side of the container. Remember that you cannot pour water onto the ground.
It will take about two weeks for the seeds to germinate and the first shoots to appear. Determine the place where you planted seedlings of petunia will spend the first month. Remember to have good lighting. It will not be superfluous if you purchase a phytolamp for additional lighting and heating of your seedlings.
For good germination of seeds, temperature is very important. Petunia grows well at a temperature of + 25-30 ° C. It is important to remember that it is very important to maintain it at all times. Therefore, the windowsill is not the place where petunia will grow well. The best thing petunia will sprout on a separate rack, where you can control the temperature using a conventional thermometer.
We will answer the most frequent questions related to the care of seedlings
Water the sown seeds of petunia before the first shoots appear as needed. A change in the color of the soil will serve as an indicator for watering. The peat changes color and if this happens, it can be watered. Do this carefully, try to gently pour water along the side of the container. If you moisten the soil well before planting, then you will not need to water the soil in the first two weeks, since the containers are under the lid.
IMPORTANT! Remember to open the container lid for ventilation. This should not be done often, but after the appearance of the first cotyledons of seedlings, you need to monitor the shoots.
Temperature and lighting
Using additional lighting will help you maintain an optimal temperature of + 25-30 ° C. Also, future seedlings receive additional lighting. A regular thermometer will help you control the temperature.
The term for pecking petunia seeds depends on many reasons. Granular petunia seeds hatch a little later than regular seeds. Also, their freshness and quality affects germination. Temperature is an important factor. Of course, seeds can germinate at + 20 ° C, but much later. With this mode, germination can take up to 3 weeks.
Wait for the moment when the seeds hatch and all the seven-lobes unfold. When this happens, remove the container lid. For this, we advise you to keep a seedling notebook, in which you can mark the amount of material planted, the date, and so on.
Top dressing of seedlings at this stage is not required. Petunia it is fed only after the appearance of the first two or three true leaves, before picking.
Be sure to keep in mind that petunia seeds cannot sprout at the same time. When this happens, the cover is removed and watering is performed. Usually, there is enough moisture inside the container to do without watering before the first shoots appear. Note that the containers we offer for growing seedlings can significantly save space.
When the seedlings have sprouted, it is necessary to reduce the temperature regime. Removing the lid lowers the temperature by 2-3 ° C and this is quite enough. It is no longer necessary to heat the plants at this stage, since they will be in a hurry in development and I can stretch out.
After removing the lid and watering, the containers are placed in the place where the seedlings will grow until the true leaves appear, i.e. before her pick. For this, petunias will need 2-3 weeks.
While the plants are growing, it is necessary to decide in which dishes or pots the petunias will be picked. Small seedling pots are best suited for this, they can be purchased at a specialized store.
Also, you can find seedling cassettes on sale that are great for picking. The advantages of seedling cassettes are that they are easy to carry, they can be divided into the required number.
READ ALSO ...
In the next article, we will talk about how to correctly make a dive of petunia seedlings, consider the main methods of pest control and talk about caring for adult plants. Read more ...
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When to sow petunia?
If you grow petunia seedlings on a windowsill, you need to sow not earlier than mid-March, when the day is already long enough. Do you have the opportunity to illuminate seedlings with a special lamp? - you can sow petunia at the end of February. The temperature for successful seed germination is + 25 ° С.
If you bought pelleted seeds, you can sow petunia in peat tablets. Regular petunia seeds are best sown in the snow. Small petunia seeds are clearly visible in the snow, so it is easier to distribute them evenly over the surface.
Diving petunias, how and when to dive seedlings after germination
A beautiful blooming garden, balcony, front garden - pleases the eye at any time of the year. Long-flowering plants will help to achieve this effect. One of the most popular plants is petunia. This flower pleases with a variety of shades, unpretentiousness, abundant and long flowering. Its flowers begin to appear in early spring and continue to bloom until late autumn. Petunia will serve as a worthy decoration of the garden plot.
The content of the article:
Since petunia seedlings are quite expensive, many amateur gardeners try to grow it from seed. But not all gardeners can master the process of forcing petunias, due to the complexity of growing seedlings.
The dived petunia is planted in the ground starting in May. Therefore, it is recommended to sow in late February - early March. It takes petunias 2.5 - 3 months to get a strong adult plant with the first buds emerging.
General rules for sowing petunias
For proper cultivation and diving of petunia seedlings, several rules should be followed.
First you need to decide on the variety of the desired plant. For example, ampelous petunia grows in length and bush weakly even when pinched. These varieties are ideal for planting in hanging pots and boxes.
If you need certain colors, then it is not advisable to purchase seeds of mixed varieties. Since it is not known what result will turn out in the end.
The seeds should be fresh and it is better to buy them from reliable and trusted suppliers. This will help to avoid poor germination of seedlings.
Sowing petunias requires nutritious, loose soil with good drainage. You can buy it at the store or prepare it yourself. This will require 2 parts of peat, turf and humus and 1 part of sand. Stir the mixture thoroughly and sieve. In a container for sowing, expanded clay is placed on the bottom, covered with a coarse-grained part of the soil, and on top it is covered with a fine-grained part. Moisten the soil and sprinkle the seeds. Seeds require light to germinate, so they are not covered with earth, but lightly sprinkled to ensure contact with the soil. The box with seeds is covered with glass or foil to ensure the required humidity and temperature.
Under the right conditions, shoots appear in 1 - 2 weeks (if no shoots have appeared within two weeks, then you can no longer wait). After that, the glass is removed for 5-10 minutes a day with a gradual increase in the ventilation time. When the first leaves appear, the glass is completely removed. It's time to pick petunias.
How to dive a petunia correctly? Each plant is planted in a separate container (disposable cups, yogurt jars, small pots). The flowering of petunias depends on a well-developed root system. Therefore, it is best to plant seedlings in a small container, and after about a month, transplant into a large one. Such transplants can be done up to two times. The result is a strong seedling with a well-developed rhizome, which tolerates planting well and quickly adapts.
Petunia is a light-loving plant. Therefore, it is worth taking care of additional round-the-clock lighting of the seedlings, which should be bright in the daytime and dim at night. If the lighting is not sufficient, the plants will stretch, which means they will have weak stems.
An important place in the cultivation of petunias is the temperature regime. From the moment of sowing, until the emergence of shoots, the temperature should be maintained at about 25 0 C. When shoots appear, it is necessary to open the seedlings, gradually increasing the time spent in the fresh air. After the dive of petunia seedlings, the temperature gradually decreases to 18 o C. Thus, we harden the seedlings, preparing them for life in the open air.
Watering is required neat, not plentiful. The main thing is to maintain the moisture content of the soil, preventing it from drying out. And it is not worth pouring, since in this case rotting of the stems is possible after picking the petunia.
Petunia, like any other plant, needs feeding. You can feed it with any flower fertilizer. For greater branching and giving the shape of a bush, the growing shoots are pinched.
When to dive petunia seedlings
Picking petunias into pots begins when 2 - 4 first leaves appear. To do this, prepare a separate container filled with fertile soil with trace elements for each seedling. The soil in the seedlings is moistened and each plant is gently transferred to a separate pot with tweezers. The soil around the seedlings is not compacted to avoid damage to the root system. Watering is done with warm water at the base of the root, without affecting the top of the plant.
Additional lighting continues after the petunias are picked, since good lighting at this stage is the key to abundant flowering. Top dressing begins 10 to 12 days after the dive of petunias. It is important to monitor the moisture content of the soil. The soil in the pots dries out quickly and the plants do not receive enough moisture, which leads to the rapid aging of the petunia.
Picking petunias from peat tablets
To improve the cultivation of petunia seedlings, it is recommended to sow it in peat tablets. This will reduce the loss of seedlings, which is important when purchasing seeds of rare, expensive, hybrid plants. For such seedlings, pelleted seeds are used (seeds in a shell of nutrients, growth regulators and protective agents).
For petunias, tablets 3-4 cm in size are suitable. Before planting, they are soaked in hot boiled water until they swell completely. After cooling, the petunia seeds are placed in special recesses in tablets. To do this, you can use a toothpick or tweezers. After that, you need to cover the container with seedlings with glass, forming a mini-greenhouse. Further, the content of petunias is carried out as in a normal planting. All conditions are met in the same way.
Picking of petunias from peat tablets is not performed. As soon as the petunia roots begin to break through the peat tablets, they must immediately be transplanted into pots. Since young roots can dry out in the air, which will slow down the growth of the plant and reduce their resistance to diseases.
A special mixture for petunias is poured into the pots, a tablet with a sprout is laid out, filled with soil flush with the tablet and moistened. It is not necessary to deepen such sprouts when picking petunias into pots. After 10 days, you can start hardening and feeding the sprouts.
Tips for the correct petunia pick
For the correct dive of petunia seedlings, you should adhere to the following rules:
- • when picking a petunia, do not plant the plant in the soil above the growing point, as this may slow down or stop its growth
- • plants should be transplanted immediately after the appearance of the first two leaves (the younger the shoot, the better it adapts during transplantation)
- • before picking petunia, it is advisable to treat the roots with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (1 gram per 1 liter of water), this will help the plant to cope with bacteria and avoid infection with various diseases
- • It is not recommended to feed petunia seedlings immediately after picking (it is possible only on the 8-10th day), since the sprouts must adapt to new conditions.
If you follow all of these tips, you will end up with strong, healthy, stocky seedlings. And your garden will be decorated with a variety of beautiful inflorescences.