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Blackberry Karaka black - large-fruited champion

Blackberry Karaka black - large-fruited champion


Blackberry Karak black is called the royal berry. The variety with large sweet fruits has come to the taste of farmers in many European countries and is widely used in industrial production. A large-fruited hybrid has taken root in our gardens and small farms. Karak black berries reach up to 5 cm in length and are distinguished by a rich, intense taste.

History

Blackberry belongs to the genus Rubus, numbering about 200 species. America is considered her homeland. It was there that in the 19th century they first began to domesticate this berry bush. Garden blackberry confidently conquered the countries of Europe and Asia. At the end of the 19th century, the first varieties of culture appeared in Russia.

Now the largest producers of black berries are the United States, Brazil, and China. Australia is engaged in its cultivation and processing. And in New Zealand, they created a new interesting direction of production - winemaking based on blackberries.

In 1982, New Zealand breeders under the leadership of Harvey Hall crossed 2 varieties - Aurora and Comanche. As a result of further selection of raspberry-blackberry hybrids and blackberry varieties, a sample was obtained with very large berries and a long harvesting season. The new hybrid was named Karaka Black.

Blackberries of the Karaka Black variety bred in New Zealand

Description

Karaka black is a dewdrop, a creeping variety of blackberry. Thanks to horizontally directed lashes, the bush is easy to cover for the winter. An early ripening variety with extended fruiting. The first berries can be picked at the end of June. The rest ripen within 6-8 weeks.

At the end of summer, when the main crop on the tops of the shoots has already been harvested, flowers and single green berries often appear on the lower fruit branches.

Blackberry Karaka black - the largest-fruited variety

The main advantage of the variety is its large fruits, which in appearance resemble mulberries. They grow in length up to 5 cm, the average weight is 10 g, individual berries can have a mass of 17 g.

Characteristic

Forms a compact bush with lashes more than 3 m long and powerful leaf blades... Long shoots are not shortened in order to increase the number of flower buds. Karak black internodes are very short, many fruit branches grow on each shoot. At the time of fruiting, the entire bush is decorated with clusters of oblong massive berries: black ripe and unripe red ones.

A year after planting, the first few berries are formed on the bush, full fruiting occurs in the 3-4th year of life. Average yield is 12-15 kg per plant.

In England, the maximum yield of Karak black was harvested - 35 kg from a 5-year-old bush.

Karaka black during fruiting is strewn with large berries

Large shiny fruits of an elongated cylindrical-conical shape are colored black, sometimes with a purple tint. When fully ripe, they become dull and can be easily removed from the branch without deformation. The berries are dense, tolerate transportation well. Chilled can be stored for more than a week. The taste is dessert, sweet, with a slight sourness. In an immature state, the fruits are sour. Overripe berries that have fallen to the ground become tasteless.

The large fruits of the blackberry Karak black are shaped like a mulberry

The disadvantages include the presence of thorns on the shoots (but they are not as hard as in forest blackberries), average resistance to anthracnose and gray rot, therefore, when growing a crop, it is necessary to carry out preventive treatment.

Video: blackberry variety Karaka black

Landing features

The longevity and productivity of the berry bush depend not only on the variety, but also on the place of growth, the quality of the planting material.

When to plant blackberries

Container plants can be planted all season - when they are transshipped from the packaging together with a lump of earth into a prepared hole, they take root well.

Container seedlings can be planted throughout the season, transferring them into a pit along with a lump of earth

In temperate areas, the best time to plant open-root seedlings is early spring, before bud break. During the season, the root system will get stronger, mature and prepare for wintering. When planting in autumn, the plants may not have time to take root before the onset of cold weather and die.

In the south, where it is sunny and warm until the end of November, it is better to plant blackberries in the fall, but do not delay until the very frost. The later the planting is carried out, the less chances of survival.

Choosing a place for a blackberry

Blackberries should receive the maximum amount of light, the amount and taste of the fruit depends on this. Growing is also allowed with light shading, however, with a lack of light, Karak black berries become more acidic, and the number of fruit buds decreases.

Blackberries are a light-loving culture that requires a lot of sun

The greatest productivity can be achieved when growing blackberries on loamy soil with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction. The fact that the soil is acidic is evidenced by the presence of field horsetail, sorrel. Adding lime (500 g / m2) you can reduce the acidity of the soil. In sandy areas, blackberries can grow, but they require more organic fertilizers and moisture. The soil must be water and air permeable. You can make the soil looser in clayey areas by adding sand (1 bucket / m2).

Lowlands are not suitable for blackberries, in which moisture accumulates after rain and melting snow, places with a close occurrence of groundwater. Waterlogging often leads to the occurrence of fungal diseases, the resistance of plants to unfavorable environmental conditions decreases. For blackberry bushes, the ideal place would be places near the fence or buildings, where heat is retained, snow is not blown off in winter.

The most comfortable place for blackberry Karak black is the south side of the site, closed from the north wind

Selection of seedlings

Future harvests depend on the quality of the planting material. Therefore, you should choose seedlings in proven nurseries. There you can buy 1-2-year-old plants in pots, which have better survival rates. Before purchasing, they should be removed from the packaging and carefully examined. The earthen ball should be solid and all entwined with roots, the bark on the branches should be smooth, the flesh under it should be green. The brown color of the pulp indicates that the plant is withered and should not be taken. Saplings purchased in late autumn are added dropwise until spring.

1-year-old seedlings in containers have the best survival rate.

How to plant correctly

If you plan to plant blackberries in the spring, preparatory work begins in the fall, for autumn planting - in 2 weeks. They dig up a plot, choose weeds, dig holes 45x45 cm, if they form a bramble from separate bushes. The variety is characterized by moderate shoots, so it is enough to make an interval of 1–1.5 m between the bushes. For industrial cultivation, planting is used in trenches 45x50 cm, leaving 1.5 m between the plants, 2.5-3 m between the rows. 2 kg of humus, 100 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium salt (or 100 g of ash ). The seedlings are dipped for several hours in a solution of Kornevin or Heteroauxin (2 g / 10 l) - drugs that improve rooting.

Step by step process:

  1. At the bottom of the pit, a piece of fertile land is poured into a mound.
  2. Having spread the roots, the plant is installed in a pit.

    A blackberry seedling is lowered into a planting pit along with an earthen clod

  3. The seedling is poured, deepening the growth bud 2 cm below ground level.
  4. They compact the soil around the bush.
  5. Water the plant with 4 liters of water.
  6. Lay a layer of hay and straw mulch.
  7. If planting is carried out in spring, the plant is shortened by 20 cm to stimulate branching.

At first, it is better to shade young plantings from the bright rays of the spring sun with agrofibre.

Video: how to plant a blackberry

Agrotechnics

The culture is unpretentious, if you follow the simple rules of agricultural technology, you can feast on a fragrant berry every year.

Watering and loosening

A powerful root system provides the blackberry with moisture. Agrarians note the drought resistance and heat resistance of the Karaka black variety, recorded in the abnormally hot summer period. However, the soil should not be allowed to dry out; for good growth and high productivity, the culture must receive the required amount of moisture. With a lack of water in early spring, young shoots will have weak growth.

Drought during the formation of fruits is the cause of shedding of the ovaries, and insufficient accumulation of water at the end of the season significantly reduces the frost resistance of the shrub.

In spring and summer, in the absence of rain, the bramble is watered weekly at the rate of 6 liters per bush. Watering methods:

  1. Through watering grooves. Water is introduced into grooves 15 cm deep, made at a distance of 40 cm from the bush, using a bucket or hose. After absorbing moisture, the watering grooves are sealed.
  2. Sprinkling. In extreme heat, it is better to use sprinkler irrigation, irrigating the blackberries from a hose with a spray. Water in the form of small drops is sprayed over the bush, moistening foliage, shoots and soil. Sprinkling is done early in the morning or after sunset to reduce moisture evaporation. However, this method cannot be used during the flowering period so as not to wash off the pollen.
  3. Drip irrigation. Farmers usually use drip irrigation of the plantation. On the site along the rows of plants, pipes or belts with droppers are laid, into which water is automatically supplied. Through the dispensers, it evenly flows directly to the plant roots. This is a very convenient irrigation system that makes the work of gardeners easier and saves water consumption.

At the end of autumn, before the onset of frost, water-charging irrigation is carried out (8 l / plant).

On large areas, drip irrigation is usually used, laying pipes with dispensers along the rows of blackberries

After moistening during watering or rain, the soil is loosened, weeds are removed. Loosening is carried out carefully to a depth of 8 cm due to the superficial location of the suction roots. In row spacings, the soil is loosened to a depth of 12 cm.It is necessary to take into account one more feature of the Karaka blackberry - it does not give root growth, but damage to the roots during deep loosening causes the growth of numerous root suckers, which must be removed. Be sure to lay a layer of mulch from hay, straw, humus - an organic material that improves the composition of the soil and prevents moisture evaporation.

After watering, the soil under the bushes is mulched with organic materials.

Good nutrition

Top dressing is an important part of plant care. When planting in fertilized soil, blackberries begin to be fed only the next year.

  1. In the spring, a solution of urea (10 g / 5 l) or saltpeter (20 g) is introduced under the bush.
  2. In the summer, feeding is necessary during the fruiting period: the bushes are fertilized with nitrophosphate (70 g / 10 l). It is useful to add 200 g of ash, which contains a lot of potassium in its composition.
  3. After harvesting, the introduction of superphosphate (100 g) and potassium salt (30 g / m2).

In autumn, nitrogen fertilizers should not be applied, as this reduces the winter hardiness of plants and their sensitivity to bacterial infections and rot.

On poor soils, it is advisable to additionally carry out foliar dressing. When the nutrient solution is applied along the leaf, the plants are quickly saturated with the necessary microelements. After flowering, the bushes are sprayed with a solution of Uniflor (1 ml / 10 l), which helps to increase the number of ovaries. A second dressing is done in the fall to help the plants prepare for dormancy and overwinter more easily.

Universal microfertilizer Uniflor is used for foliar feeding of blackberries

The introduction of manure humus with a frequency of every 3 years is able to provide plants with adequate nutrition. Chicken droppings (solution 1:20) or liquid manure (1:10) are applied before flowering and after harvesting.

With a lack of potassium or magnesium, the berries of the blackberry Karak black will have more acid.

On fertile soil, you can get more than 15 kg of blackberries annually

Bush formation

Blackberry is a perennial plant, the aerial part of which has a two-year development period. In the first year, shoots grow and buds are laid, in the next season - fruiting and dying off of branches. Fruiting shoots are completely removed in autumn, the bush is cleaned of dry, broken and disease-damaged branches. Leave 8-10 strong shoots.

In early spring, overwintered branches are tied to a support. When grown on a trellis, the shrub is well lit and ventilated, it is easier to pick berries. Without a garter, replacement shoots lying on the ground dry up, and yield decreases.

Amateur gardeners usually install a 1-lane trellis with 2 rows of wire

In suburban areas, a single-lane trellis is usually used. They put supports, pull the wire in 2 rows at a height of 60 cm and 1.2 m and fix the whips on them. You can form a bush in the form of a fan, securing young shoots on one side, and on the other - branches carrying the crop. Or place the overwintered shoots vertically in the center, and sprout new shoots on the sides. In autumn, the central branches are cut to the root, annual shoots are pressed tightly to the ground for the winter, and in the spring they are raised vertically.

On large blackberry plantations, farmers set up a tall trellis with 2 parallel wires. Growing on such a support allows you to better form a bush, which has a positive effect on the development of the plant and an increase in yield.

Two-lane trellis allows better shaping of the blackberry bush

Preparing for winter

The variety does not differ in frost resistance, at -170With the shoots freezing slightly, so the plants must be insulated before the onset of cold weather. They carry out pruning of fruiting branches, water-charging irrigation and mulching with humus. Then young shoots are removed from the support, bent and covered with agrofibre. The branches of the bushes of this variety are very flexible, they are easy to fold. It is necessary to put rodent poison under the whip. After the established cold weather, spruce branches can be sketched from above.

Reproduction methods

Blackberries are propagated vegetatively and by seeds. However, with the seed method, the parental properties are partially lost.

  1. The easiest way to breed blackberries is with apical layers. Pots with drainage holes are buried in the aisles, fertile soil is poured into them, the tops of the shoots are buried in it and moistened. You can just dig in the layers near the bush and pin it. After 3 weeks, a hole 45 cm long with formed roots is separated from the mother bush and planted separately.

    Blackberries are easily propagated by layering: a buried shoot gives roots very quickly

  2. It is not difficult to propagate blackberries by cuttings. Lignified cuttings are harvested in the fall before the very cold or early vein, cutting annual shoots into 15 cm pieces. Before planting, they are dipped for several hours in a 0.02% solution of Heteroauxin, then planted on a bed in loose soil. Moisten the ground and cover with a film. Water and air the greenhouse regularly. After rooting, the film is removed, the entire season is monitored for soil moisture, weeds are removed. The next spring, young plants can be planted outdoors.
  3. The best time for green cuttings is the end of June. Cut off the tops of young shoots 12 cm long. Green cuttings are planted in pots, watered and covered with foil. Within a month, the soil is moistened, airing is carried out. Rooted green cuttings are planted in the garden at the beginning of the next season.

The survival rate of blackberry cuttings is almost 100%

Video: blackberry propagation by stem cuttings

Disease prevention

The variety is characterized by medium disease resistance. Rainy summers or improper care increases the risk of anthracnose and gray rot infections. In drought, whole colonies of aphids settle on the shoots. Therefore, prevention is indispensable.

Table: diseases threatening blackberries

Photo gallery: signs of disease

Table: blackberry pests

Voluntary helpers of summer residents in the fight against ticks and May beetles - blackbirds, tick-eating weavers, sparrows, starlings. If you hang houses on trees, put berries and sunflower seeds in the feeders, you can increase the number of birds. And you can attract entomophagous insects by planting yarrow, sweet clover, mint, chamomile and marigolds on the site. Only one ladybug on a hot summer day can kill up to 200 aphids.

Photo gallery: blackberry pests

Testimonials

The record holder for large-fruited - blackberry Karak black is valued for its rich fruit taste, productivity and ability to easily tolerate short-term drought. The long fruiting period also attracts: from the end of July to September, you can feast on black berries, make jam and prepare compotes for the winter. To obtain good yields, one should only follow the rules of agricultural technology and carry out preventive treatment against diseases.

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As mentioned earlier, the main advantage of this variety is the berries, which have the following varietal characteristics:

  • Elongated cone-like shape. The fruits are very long - they reach a length of five centimeters.
  • Sweet taste with a pleasant sour aftertaste (as noted by the tasters, there are pineapple and apple notes). There is a deep and rich aftertaste.
  • Black shade with purple undertone and characteristic blackberry gloss.
  • The mass of fruits is also great - up to seventeen grams per berry. It is possible to harvest up to 15 kilograms from one shrub, and up to 12 tons from a hectare of planting.
  • There is a dense texture.
  • Easily removed from the bush for easy harvesting.
  • High degree of resistance to transportation and storage.
  • Increased ripening - the plants bear fruit for two months. At the same time, the process of vision begins simultaneously with other species of blackberry, the earliest by this criterion - in the southern regions it will be possible to taste the first berries already in the second or third decade of June, and in latitudes with a temperate climate or in the north, the harvest ripens by July.

Some other features of this type should also be highlighted:

  • The scourges are up to five meters long. A high degree of flexibility has been noted.
  • A creeping shrub - dew grass.
  • The internodes are short.
  • On the stems and shoots there are thorny thorns of small size, which over time become more and more hard, which makes it necessary to use special gloves.
  • Low degree of winter hardiness - even in middle latitudes, this berry will seriously suffer in the absence of shelter for the winter.
  • High rates of resistance to common diseases and attacks of common pests, but do not forget about preventive measures and measures that should be taken when an infection is detected. The presence of yellow leaves is possible, which is the norm for this variety.


The best varieties of blackberries

As you can see, there are enough reasons to grow blackberries in your beds. Now let's choose varieties that are guaranteed to take root and give a stable harvest.

Agave

This variety was bred almost 100 years ago. A thorny bush with erect stems reaches a height of 2 meters. The thorns are long and curved, which makes harvesting difficult. One of the main benefits of blackberries is their resistance to low temperatures. It perfectly tolerates temperatures up to -30 degrees.

The berries are medium in size, black, with a characteristic shine. The taste is sweet and sour. Blackberries ripen in August-September. From one bush, you can get 10 kg of fruit. The plant takes root without any problems. Moreover, if you do not regularly remove new shoots, Agaves will take up the whole garden.

The result of the efforts of foreign breeders is recognized as one of the most productive in the world. In this regard, it is listed in the Guinness Book of Records. The large number of berries is explained by the fact that the plant forms many lateral branches (about 50 cm long) with countless fruits. A significant plus of the variety is the absence of thorns.

Black fruits are juicy and large. Weight - up to 5 grams. The shape is elongated. The taste is sweet and sour, very pleasant. They tolerate transportation well. Blackberries are frost and drought resistant. Rarely sick. The fruiting period lasts from July to September.

Apaches

Obtained after lengthy experiments on crossing the Navajo variety and the "test" for that period, sample Ark.1007. The result exceeded all expectations. Large conical black berries retain their original size throughout the season, do not flow or wrinkle during transportation. The taste is sweet, with a pleasant sourish flavor.

The yield is average. From one bush - 7-8 kg of berries. The fruits are harvested from June to August. The plant can withstand temperatures up to -20 degrees, if the thermometer drops below - it requires shelter. Doesn't like drought. In the hot period, the bush must be watered and shaded often with nets or agrofibre.

Black Satin

The variety was bred in 1974. The name was not chosen by chance - the breeders wanted to emphasize the tenderness and silkiness. A semi-shrub with powerful branches, after reaching a certain height, bends to the ground. Shoots sometimes grow up to 5 meters, so they need reliable support.

The berries are large. Weight varies from 5 to 8 grams. Collected in spectacular black tiered brushes. Ripe blackberries are sweet and soft. Wrinkles quickly during transportation. Yield indicators are high. Under favorable conditions, 14-17 kg of fruits are harvested from one bush. It is recommended to harvest immediately after ripening. If this is not done, the blackberries will shrink and crumble.

Karaka Black

The result of multiple crossing of different varieties of raspberries and blackberries. The main advantage of this thorny variety is the fruit. They look unusual - large (10 gr.) Oblong berries taper at the end. The surface is shiny. The taste is memorable, sweet with pleasant sourness. Due to their high density, blackberries are stored and transported for a long time without loss of marketability.

The disadvantage of Karak Black is sharp thorns. Wear thick gloves when handling the bush. One plant produces from 8 to 10 kg of fruits. Harvested from June to August. The variety does not tolerate cold well - protect it from frost, but it is resistant to pests and diseases. Sometimes the leaves begin to turn yellow - this is not a cause for concern, but a distinctive feature of the variety.

Ruben

It appeared not so long ago - in 2011. He immediately won the favor of gardeners. The shrub is short and compact. The branches are flexible, do not break even under strong wind gusts, without thorns. The variety tolerates low temperatures well - you do not need to cover for the winter. Fruiting lasts until the first frost.

The berries are large (4-5 cm long), sweet. They do not lose their original appearance during transportation. From one bush, you can get 14-15 kg of fruits. Ruben is good because it provides an opportunity to feast on delicious blackberries, when everything has been collected from the bushes of other varieties for a long time.

Thornfree

This variety is the dream of any summer resident. Unpretentious to the surrounding conditions, easy to care for, resistant to frost and disease. It grows in one place for a long time - about 30 years. Bred in the USA in 1966. It is very popular to this day.

The main advantages are the absence of thorns, amicable ripening of berries, high decorative qualities of the bush, multi-berry brushes. One plant produces up to 12 kg of fruits. The berries are dark blue, juicy. The taste changes as it ripens: first - sour, then - sweet and sour, after full ripening - freshly sweet. Fruiting occurs in August.

Loch Tay

A thornless variety with large fruits. The plant is tall, erect. Shoots - powerful, resilient, in need of support. The variety is prized for its drought tolerance, good yield and extraordinary taste. The berries are elongated, black, with a glossy surface. A dry sepal signals maturity; in unripe blackberries, it is green.

Fruits are homogeneous in structure, dense, do not crumple during collection and transportation. They taste harmonious, rich, sweet, with a pronounced fruity aroma. Blackberries ripen in July. Berries can be picked either manually or mechanically.

Arapaho

Somehow the experts set themselves the goal of creating a strong, upright thornless variety characterized by early ripening. This is how Arapaho appeared. Many people fell in love with blackberries, because they combined the advantages of long-known species.

Fruits are short, conical, dark black in color. The taste is also excellent. Many people call this variety the best in terms of aroma and taste. The plant tolerates a drop in temperature to -25 degrees well and in most cases hibernates without shelter. The berries mainly appear on the lateral branches. In this regard, it is recommended to pinch the upper shoots, which stimulates their growth.

Polar

This blackberry attracts with good yields with minimal physical costs. The variety was bred in Poland in 2008. Experts have been working on its appearance for over 30 years. Straight shoots without thorns reach a height of 2.5 meters or more.

The glossy black berries have a neat oval shape. The taste is amazing, very pleasant and sweet, without the usual astringency. From one bush, about 7 kg of fruits are obtained.

Polar is distinguished by early ripening and long-term fruiting. Harvesting is possible from July to September. The plant retains its inherent characteristics even after long haulage. Disease and pest resistant.

Osage

The hottest new product to date. A patent for this variety has not yet been obtained and there is very little information about it. It is known to be a thornless shrub with straight stems. Easily withstands temperatures down to -13 degrees. Disease resistant.

Berries have great industrial potential due to their adaptability to long-term transportation and storage. Fruits are round in shape, weighing 5 g. As for taste, when creating this variety, John Clarke said: "I dream of bringing out a variety that I would like to eat without stopping, even a whole bucket." It looks like he succeeded.

Here are the 10 best blackberry varieties, distinguished by high yields, amazing taste, resistance to low temperatures and pests. Choosing one of them, you cannot go wrong, because you will get the opportunity to enjoy delicious berries throughout the whole summer and even half of autumn.


Care and reproduction

The variety loves care, although it cannot be called too picky. A rich filling of the planting pit and top dressing will help to reach a high yield level. It is necessary to protect plants from aphids.

Karaka reproduces easily, massively rooting the tips of the shoots even without the participation of the gardener in this process. If you do not want to get a dozen seedlings around each bush by the spring, make sure that young shoots do not touch the ground. Both the main lashes and the lateral branches take root well, the difference can only be in the strength of the seedlings in the first stages of their independent life.

Under normal conditions, the variety almost does not produce shoots, offspring can appear when the root system is damaged, for example, when digging the earth around the bush.


Blackberry variety Karaka black, description of the variety with characteristics and reviews, as well as features of planting and growing, photo

Blackberry Karak black is called the royal berry. The variety with large sweet fruits has come to the taste of farmers in many European countries and is widely used in industrial production. A large-fruited hybrid has taken root in our gardens and small farms. Karak black berries reach up to 5 cm in length and are distinguished by a rich, intense taste.

History

Blackberry belongs to the genus Rubus, numbering about 200 species. America is considered her homeland. It was there that in the 19th century they first began to domesticate this berry bush. Garden blackberry confidently conquered the countries of Europe and Asia. At the end of the 19th century, the first varieties of culture appeared in Russia.

Now the largest producers of black berries are the United States, Brazil, and China. Australia is engaged in its cultivation and processing. And in New Zealand, they created a new interesting direction of production - winemaking based on blackberries.

In 1982, New Zealand breeders under the leadership of Harvey Hall crossed 2 varieties - Aurora and Comanche. As a result of further selection of raspberry-blackberry hybrids and blackberry varieties, a sample was obtained with very large berries and a long harvesting season. The new hybrid was named Karaka Black.

Blackberries of the Karaka Black variety bred in New Zealand

Description

Karaka black is a dewdrop, a creeping variety of blackberry. Thanks to horizontally directed lashes, the bush is easy to cover for the winter. An early ripening variety with extended fruiting. The first berries can be picked at the end of June. The rest ripen within 6-8 weeks.

At the end of summer, when the main crop on the tops of the shoots has already been harvested, flowers and single green berries often appear on the lower fruit branches.

Blackberry Karaka black - the largest-fruited variety

The main advantage of the variety is its large fruits, which in appearance resemble mulberries. They grow in length up to 5 cm, the average weight is 10 g, individual berries can have a mass of 17 g.

Characteristic

Forms a compact bush with lashes more than 3 m long and powerful leaf blades. Long shoots are not shortened in order to increase the number of flower buds. Karak black internodes are very short, many fruit branches grow on each shoot. At the time of fruiting, the entire bush is decorated with clusters of oblong massive berries: black ripe and unripe red ones.

A year after planting, the first few berries are formed on the bush, full fruiting occurs in the 3-4th year of life. Average yield is 12-15 kg per plant.

In England, the maximum yield of Karak black was harvested - 35 kg from a 5-year-old bush.

Karaka black during fruiting is strewn with large berries

Large shiny fruits of an elongated cylindrical-conical shape are colored black, sometimes with a purple tint. When fully ripe, they become dull and can be easily removed from the branch without deformation. The berries are dense, tolerate transportation well. Chilled can be stored for more than a week. The taste is dessert, sweet, with a slight sourness. In an immature state, the fruits are sour. Overripe berries that have fallen to the ground become tasteless.

The large fruits of the blackberry Karak black are shaped like a mulberry

The disadvantages include the presence of thorns on the shoots (but they are not as hard as in forest blackberries), average resistance to anthracnose and gray rot, therefore, when growing a crop, it is necessary to carry out preventive treatment.

Video: blackberry variety Karaka black

Landing features

The longevity and productivity of the berry bush depend not only on the variety, but also on the place of growth, the quality of the planting material.

When to plant blackberries

Container plants can be planted all season - when they are transshipped from the packaging together with a lump of earth into a prepared hole, they take root well.

Container seedlings can be planted throughout the season, transferring them into a pit along with a lump of earth

In temperate areas, the best time to plant open-root seedlings is early spring, before bud break. During the season, the root system will get stronger, mature and prepare for wintering. When planting in autumn, the plants may not have time to take root before the onset of cold weather and die.

In the south, where it is sunny and warm until the end of November, it is better to plant blackberries in the fall, but do not delay until the very frost. The later the planting is carried out, the less chances of survival.

Choosing a place for a blackberry

Blackberries should receive the maximum amount of light, the amount and taste of the fruit depends on this. Growing is also allowed with light shading, however, with a lack of light, Karak black berries become more acidic, and the number of fruit buds decreases.

Blackberries are a light-loving culture that requires a lot of sun

The greatest productivity can be achieved when growing blackberries on loamy soil with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction. The fact that the soil is acidic is evidenced by the presence of field horsetail, sorrel. By adding lime (500 g / m2), the acidity of the soil can be reduced. In sandy areas, blackberries can grow, but they require more organic fertilizers and moisture. The soil must be water and air permeable. You can make the soil looser in clay areas by adding sand (1 bucket / m2).

Lowlands are not suitable for blackberries, in which moisture accumulates after rain and melting snow, places with a close occurrence of groundwater. Waterlogging often leads to the occurrence of fungal diseases, the resistance of plants to unfavorable environmental conditions decreases. For blackberry bushes, an ideal place would be places near a fence or buildings, where heat is retained, snow is not blown off in winter.

The most comfortable place for blackberry Karak black is the south side of the site, closed from the north wind

Selection of seedlings

Future harvests depend on the quality of the planting material. Therefore, you should choose seedlings in proven nurseries. There you can buy 1-2-year-old plants in pots, which have better survival rates. Before purchasing, they should be removed from the packaging and carefully examined. The earthy ball should be solid and all entwined with roots, the bark on the branches should be smooth, the flesh under it should be green. The brown color of the pulp indicates that the plant is withered and should not be taken. Saplings purchased in late autumn are added dropwise until spring.

1-year-old seedlings in containers have the best survival rate.

How to plant correctly

If you plan to plant blackberries in the spring, preparatory work begins in the fall, for autumn planting - in 2 weeks. They dig up a plot, choose weeds, dig holes 45x45 cm, if they form a blackberry from separate bushes. The variety is characterized by moderate shoots, so it is enough to make an interval of 1–1.5 m between the bushes. In industrial cultivation, planting is used in trenches 45x50 cm, leaving 1.5 m between plants, 2.5–3 m between rows. layer of earth add 2 kg of humus, 100 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium salt (or 100 g of ash). The seedlings are dipped for several hours in a solution of Kornevin or Heteroauxin (2 g / 10 l) - drugs that improve rooting.

  1. At the bottom of the pit, a piece of fertile land is poured into a mound.
  2. Having spread the roots, the plant is installed in a pit.

A blackberry seedling is lowered into a planting pit along with an earthen clod

  • The seedling is poured, deepening the growth bud 2 cm below ground level.
  • They compact the soil around the bush.
  • Water the plant with 4 liters of water.
  • Lay a layer of hay and straw mulch.
  • If planting is carried out in spring, the plant is shortened by 20 cm to stimulate branching.
  • At first, it is better to shade young plantings from the bright rays of the spring sun with agrofibre.

    Video: how to plant a blackberry

    Agrotechnics

    The culture is unpretentious, if you follow the simple rules of agricultural technology, you can feast on a fragrant berry every year.

    Watering and loosening

    A powerful root system provides the blackberry with moisture. Agrarians note the drought resistance and heat resistance of the Karaka black variety, recorded in the abnormally hot summer period. However, the soil should not be allowed to dry out; for good growth and high productivity, the culture must receive the required amount of moisture. With a lack of water in early spring, young shoots will have weak growth.

    Drought during the formation of fruits is the cause of shedding of the ovaries, and insufficient water accumulation at the end of the season significantly reduces the frost resistance of the shrub.

    In spring and summer, in the absence of rain, the bramble is watered weekly at the rate of 6 liters per bush. Watering methods:

    1. Through watering grooves. Water is introduced into grooves 15 cm deep, made at a distance of 40 cm from the bush, using a bucket or hose. After absorbing moisture, the watering grooves are sealed.
    2. Sprinkling. In extreme heat, it is better to use sprinkler irrigation, irrigating the blackberries from a hose with a spray. Water in the form of small drops is sprayed over the bush, moistening foliage, shoots and soil. Sprinkling is done early in the morning or after sunset to reduce moisture evaporation. However, this method cannot be used during the flowering period so as not to wash off the pollen.
    3. Drip irrigation. Farmers usually use drip irrigation of the plantation. On the site along the rows of plants, pipes or belts with droppers are laid, into which water is automatically supplied. Through the dispensers, it evenly flows directly to the plant roots. This is a very convenient irrigation system that makes the work of gardeners easier and saves water consumption.

    In late autumn, before the onset of frost, water-charging irrigation is carried out (8 l / plant).

    On large areas, drip irrigation is usually used, laying pipes with dispensers along the rows of blackberries

    After moistening during watering or rain, the soil is loosened, weeds are removed. Loosening is carried out carefully to a depth of 8 cm due to the superficial location of the suction roots. In row spacings, the soil is loosened to a depth of 12 cm.It is necessary to take into account one more feature of the Karaka blackberry - it does not give root growth, but damage to the roots during deep loosening causes the growth of numerous root suckers, which must be removed. Be sure to lay a layer of mulch from hay, straw, humus - organic material that improves the composition of the soil and prevents moisture evaporation.

    After watering, the soil under the bushes is mulched with organic materials.

    Good nutrition

    Top dressing is an important part of plant care. When planting in fertilized soil, blackberries begin to be fed only the next year.

    1. In the spring, a solution of urea (10 g / 5 l) or nitrate (20 g) is introduced under the bush.
    2. In the summer, feeding is necessary during the fruiting period: the bushes are fertilized with nitrophosphate (70 g / 10 l). It is useful to add 200 g of ash, which contains a lot of potassium in its composition.
    3. After harvesting, the introduction of superphosphate (100 g) and potassium salt (30 g / m2) will help to restore the strength of the shrub.

    In autumn, nitrogen fertilizers should not be applied, as this reduces the winter hardiness of plants and their sensitivity to bacterial infections and rot.

    On poor soils, it is advisable to additionally carry out foliar dressing. When the nutrient solution is applied along the leaf, the plants are quickly saturated with the necessary microelements. After flowering, the bushes are sprayed with a solution of Uniflor (1 ml / 10 l), which helps to increase the number of ovaries. A second dressing is done in the fall to help the plants prepare for dormancy and overwinter more easily.

    Universal microfertilizer Uniflor is used for foliar feeding of blackberries

    The introduction of manure humus at intervals of every 3 years is able to give the plants adequate nutrition. Chicken droppings (solution 1:20) or liquid manure (1:10) are applied before flowering and after harvesting.

    With a lack of potassium or magnesium, the berries of the blackberry Karak black will have more acid.

    On fertile soil, you can get more than 15 kg of blackberries annually

    Bush formation

    Blackberry is a perennial plant, the aerial part of which has a two-year development period. In the first year, shoots grow and buds are laid, in the next season - fruiting and dying off of branches. Fruiting shoots are completely removed in autumn, the bush is cleaned of dry, broken and disease-damaged branches. Leave 8-10 strong shoots.

    In early spring, overwintered branches are tied to a support. When grown on a trellis, the shrub is well lit and ventilated, it is easier to pick berries. Without a garter, the replacement shoots lying on the ground dry up, and the yield decreases.

    Amateur gardeners usually install a 1-lane trellis with 2 rows of wire

    In suburban areas, a single-lane trellis is usually used. They put supports, pull the wire in 2 rows at a height of 60 cm and 1.2 m and fix the whips on them. You can form a bush in the form of a fan, securing young shoots on one side, and on the other - branches carrying the crop. Or place the overwintered shoots vertically in the center, and sprout new shoots on the sides. In autumn, the central branches are cut to the root, annual shoots are pressed tightly to the ground for the winter, and in the spring they are raised vertically.

    On large blackberry plantations, farmers set up a tall trellis with 2 parallel wires. Growing on such a support allows you to better form a bush, which has a positive effect on the development of the plant and an increase in yield.

    Two-lane trellis allows better shaping of the blackberry bush

    Preparing for winter

    The variety does not differ in frost resistance, at -170C the shoots freeze slightly, so the plants must be insulated before the onset of cold weather. They carry out pruning of fruiting branches, water-charging irrigation and mulching with humus. Then young shoots are removed from the support, bent and covered with agrofibre. The branches of the bushes of this variety are very flexible, they are easy to fold. It is necessary to put rodent poison under the whip. After the established cold weather, spruce branches can be sketched from above.

    Reproduction methods

    Blackberries are propagated vegetatively and by seeds. However, with the seed method, the parental properties are partially lost.

      The easiest way to breed blackberries is with apical layers. Pots with drainage holes are buried in the aisles, fertile soil is poured into them, the tops of the shoots are buried in it and moistened. You can just dig in the layers near the bush and pin it. After 3 weeks, a hole 45 cm long with formed roots is separated from the mother bush and planted separately.

    Blackberries are easily propagated by layering: a buried shoot gives roots very quickly

  • It is not difficult to propagate blackberries by cuttings. Lignified cuttings are harvested in the fall, just before the very cold or early vein, cutting annual shoots into 15 cm pieces. Before planting, they are dipped for several hours in a 0.02% solution of Heteroauxin, then planted on a garden bed in loose soil. Moisten the ground and cover with a film. Water and air the greenhouse regularly. After rooting, the film is removed, the entire season is monitored for soil moisture, weeds are removed. The next spring, young plants can be planted outdoors.
  • The best time for green cuttings is the end of June. Cut off the tops of young shoots 12 cm long. Green cuttings are planted in pots, watered and covered with foil. Within a month, the soil is moistened, airing is carried out. Rooted green cuttings are planted in the garden at the beginning of the next season.
  • The survival rate of blackberry cuttings is almost 100%

    Video: blackberry propagation by stem cuttings

    Disease prevention

    The variety is characterized by medium disease resistance. In rainy summers or improper care, the risk of anthracnose and gray rot infections increases. In drought, whole colonies of aphids settle on the shoots. Therefore, prevention is indispensable.

    Table: diseases threatening blackberries
    Photo gallery: signs of disease
    Table: blackberry pests

    Voluntary helpers of summer residents in the fight against ticks and May beetles - blackbirds, tick-eating weavers, sparrows, starlings. If you hang houses on trees, put berries and sunflower seeds in the feeders, you can increase the number of birds. And you can attract entomophagous insects by planting yarrow, sweet clover, mint, chamomile and marigolds on the site. Only one ladybug on a hot summer day can kill up to 200 aphids.

    Photo gallery: blackberry pests

    Testimonials

    The record holder for large-fruited - blackberry Karak black is valued for its rich fruit taste, productivity and ability to easily tolerate short-term drought. The long fruiting period also attracts: from the end of July to September, you can feast on black berries, make jam and prepare compotes for the winter. To obtain good yields, one should only follow the rules of agricultural technology and carry out preventive treatment against diseases.

    • Author: Oleg Sitnikov
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    Diseases and pests

    The variety "Karaka (Kara) Black" has an average resistance to diseases.

    With insufficient care, a weakened plant can be affected by fungal diseases such as anthracnose, botrytis (better known as gray rot), powdery mildew.

    There are special chemicals that can help defeat pathogens, but you can lose crops and greatly weaken the plant.

    It is much better to avoid diseases. To do this, you need to take preventive measures that are designed to destroy pathogens. These are all the activities that the owner conducts in his garden: weeding, harvesting leaves and weeds, digging row spacings. In no case should you leave leaves or grass near the bushes - pathogens of most diseases winter among them. And plants - blackberries and raspberries, since they have the same enemies and diseases, you need to carefully examine: if you notice affected shoots, leaves or flowers, you need to immediately cut off the affected parts and destroy, and treat the whole plant with infusions of tobacco, garlic, ash with liquid soap ...

    If the bush has enough nutrients, it grows healthy, and plant residues do not lie around it, then practically nothing threatens it. Good care is the key to plant health in your garden, and blackberries are no exception. It is also necessary to monitor the density of the bush, many diseases, especially fungal ones, most often occur with high humidity and shade.

    Of the pests, the plant can most often suffer from raspberry shoot aphids, these insects can occupy young shoots.

    In autumn and spring, plants need to be inspected, if aphid eggs are seen, the branches must be ruthlessly destroyed.

    Once every few years, raspberries and blackberries are advised to process with nitrafen. Here, again, tobacco or ash infusion will come to the rescue.

    The possibility of disease or damage by pests always exists, but these troubles are not at all necessary. With good care, healthy plants feel great, they give their owners only tasty fruits, and not the hassle of healing or rescue.


    Watch the video: Karaka blackberry morning harvesting for my smoothie