Characteristics and description of Elan strawberries
Elan's strawberry variety is considered a real find of all breeders of the world and occupies more and more areas in summer cottages and household plots, due to its positive characteristics.
Description and varietal characteristics of Elan strawberries
Elan Strawberry - the newest hybrid of Dutch breeding, which belongs to the remontant ampel varieties, so it can be grown both in the open field in the garden bed, and in flower pots of various shapes on window sills and balconies.
This method will help to decorate the house or apartment in an original way, as well as get a nice bonus in the quality of delicious berries.
The main parameters of berry culture
According to the description, the plant is vigorous, characterized by a tall bush with powerful shoots.
The main feature of the variety is that on one bush there is a long mustache, which is the basis for the formation of a large number of rosettes with peduncles, which allows you to constantly harvest.
The plant is able to form large berries, the weight of which can reach thirty-five grams... The maximum yield is 2 kg per bush, and in the open field - 1.25 - 1.5 kg.
The fruits are dense and conical in shape. Juicy pulp, colored red and endowed with a pleasant strawberry flavor and unique aroma. It differs by 30-50% from other varieties in the increased content of vitamin C.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The plant has no visible flaws. And here there are many advantages of the variety:
- stable strawberry yield;
- good taste characteristics and beautiful bush design;
- the duration of fruiting, which begins in early June and lasts until the coldest autumn days, and even in December at home;
- grows well in low light;
- high immunity to major diseases of fungal and infectious origin and pest attacks;
- resilience to withstand winter frosts and adapt to sharp fluctuations in ambient temperature;
- not whimsical care, the variety needs fertilized soil and transplanting after three years, otherwise the fruits of the plant will be crushed, and will not differ from wild berries;
- versatility in use, the plant is used both for consumption and for decoration, due to its decorative value.
The disadvantages include the fact that the plant is very depleted over the season, so it should be fertilized regularly and renewed every three years.
Planting and cultivation
To obtain a harvest in summer, timely seed sowing should be carried out in early February. To do this, you need to adhere to the following procedure:
- Pour potting soil into containers and distribute seeds over the surface. Then sprinkle gently with a thin layer of earth or river sand. All that remains is to water the seeds, for this you should use a spray bottle. Then cover with glass or foil.
- For hardening, place for 3-4 days in a cold place, and then create the necessary conditions: temperature 24C, additional lighting and regular ventilation.
- After friendly shoots with three leaves appear, the covering that imitates a greenhouse must be removed and the temperature reduced to 18C.
- After a month after the formation of seedlings, pick the seedlings into separate small containers.
It is customary to plant seedlings in open ground in early May.
Culture prefers light and warmth, therefore, the place for the strawberry garden should be on the southwestern, well-ventilated and sunlit side of the site.
Groundwater should lie at a level of 80 cm, the acidity of the soil should be in the range of 5.7-6.2 pH.
Stages of planting in the garden:
- Dig up the land at the selected site, clear of weeds and apply mineral and organic fertilizers.
- Make planting holes, keeping the distance between seedlings 30 cm, and in the aisles - not less than 50 cm.
- In the holes, plant the bushes taken out of the container along with a lump of soil. The optimum planting density is 5-6 bushes per square meter.
- Water well and compact the soil so that there is no cavity left inside.
It is important not to place Elan's seedlings next to garden strawberries, but to make a distance between different varieties.
The subtleties of growing
The plant is not particularly whimsical to care. In order for the culture to grow well and bear fruit, you need to follow the following rules:
- make sure that the soil in the garden is moist, which will ensure the active growth of young leaves;
- in the spring, mulch to prevent the contact of the peduncles with the ground;
- pluck the very first peduncles;
- cut off excess mustache, leaving 3-5 pieces;
- timely thin out the planting, avoiding thickening, which will negatively affect fruiting;
- leave less greenery on the bush, directing the main nutrition to the fruits, because a lot of nutrients are spent on the development of foliage;
- transplant plants on time to protect young seedlings from frost;
- to make complex, with a full set of micro and macroelements feeding with a combination of organic matter and mineral fertilizers, it is important not to overdo it with nutrition in order to prevent excessive overgrowth of bushes;
- at the end of fruiting, it is recommended to cut the foliage to rejuvenate the plant;
- take care of the protection of strawberries for the winter by covering them with mulch.
The plant propagates by seeds, mustache seedlings and dividing the bush... Each method has its own characteristics, pros and cons.
A suitable breeding method for this variety is considered to be mustache seedlings. To do this, at the time of fruiting, mark strong and developed uterine bushes with even and large berries.
When forming rosettes on the mustache, you should choose the largest one, which is mainly located closer to the mother bush. The rest of the rosettes must be removed so as not to weaken the plant.
When the sockets get roots, they need to be dugwithout separating from the bush. It is necessary to hold this event in August, ten days before transplanting to a permanent place.
An autumn transplant will help young bushes quickly take root and adapt to new conditions. The fruits will be formed next summer, and harvesting will be carried out all year round without interruption.
Diseases and pests
Elan strawberries are not immune to diseases and pests. Most plant prone to fungal diseases.
This situation is especially worse in rainy weather, when the temperature drops, in cloudy times. The fungus forms both on the greenery of the bushes and on the roots and fruits of the plant.
Dangerous for the culture is the defeat of powdery mildew, spotting, gray mold, fusarium wilting.
Harvest is not only endangered by diseases, but also by pests such as strawberry mite, weevil, spider mite, nematodes, ants.
They ruthlessly destroy plants, feed on roots, leaves, and some of them prefer to feast on berries, in addition, they are carriers of many dangerous diseases.
For preventive protection against diseases and pests, an important operation is the creation and maintenance of an optimal microclimate and a minimal infectious environment.
- in spring, remove the top layer of earth between the bushes, since a significant part of the insects spend the winter there;
- loosen the soil and remove young growth of weed crops;
- to carry out spring pruning of old peduncles, antennae and leaves;
- when watering, avoid waterlogging of the soil;
- timely carry out preventive treatment of bushes, using proven protective equipment that will resist plant diseases, as well as protect against parasites.
With proper care, Elan continuously gives delicious fruits all season, while the harvest harvested in autumn does not differ from the summer in terms of aroma and sugar content.
Reviews of gardeners indicate that many of them have completely switched to the repair variety Elan, or supplemented their strawberry collection with it.
“This high-yielding variety is the best for year-round cultivation in greenhouses and on windowsills. Berries have a pleasant taste and amazing aroma due to their high sugar content. But most importantly, the plants are undemanding to care. "
“On the advice of friends, Elan planted some bushes. The first fruits ripened. They were large, fragrant and, compared to other varieties, had a unique taste that will not leave indifferent any member of the family. "
“I bought seeds of ampelous strawberries of the Elan variety. Successfully sowed and raised seedlings. And in the spring I made a pyramid of tractor tires. I planted seedlings in it. And next year, to the envy of passers-by and neighbors, I decorated my balcony with green plantings with ripening fruits, and I treat my relatives with fragrant berries throughout the season. "
Every gardener dreams of extending the ripening period of delicious strawberries, therefore Elan is gaining more and more popularity, because with this variety you can feast on fresh fruits all season.
Eliane strawberries: description and characteristics of the strawberry variety
Eliena (Eliana) is a strawberry variety that is one of the first to bear fruit and one of the last to end the season. The peculiarity of the variety is in its fragrant berries, which can even surpass some standards.
Also, the fruits have a very attractive appearance and bright taste. With all these qualities, the Eliana variety is quite whimsical in terms of cultivation. Not every locality and climatic conditions are suitable for it.
Main advantages and disadvantages
Tago strawberries are loved by gardeners because of their many advantages. The variety has the following positive qualities:
- It is characterized by high productivity.
- Suitable for growing in cold climates. Therefore, it is appreciated for its winter hardiness.
- It is rarely affected by spider mites, bacterial and fungal diseases.
- Berries are not damaged when transported over long distances.
- It has an excellent presentation - a shiny surface, rich berry color, delicate aroma and strawberry taste.
- A versatile variety for use.
- Susceptibility to spotting.
- Late ripening period.
The late ripening period, on the one hand, can be attributed to the pluses. When the fruiting of early varieties ends, late berries begin to ripen. Thus, strawberries are enjoyed throughout the summer.
There are very few disadvantages, and against the background of the advantages, they seem insignificant.
To collect a full-fledged crop for this variety, you need to take care of choosing a place and preparing the soil in advance. The point is that it is important to enable the fruit to fulfill its potential. After all, the berries can grow just huge!
The yield of Gigantella strawberries will impress even an experienced gardener. Up to three dozen peduncles are formed on the bush. Up to eight flowers appear on each of them. At the end of June it will be possible to harvest the first crop. If you adhere to the correct (at the same time not too difficult care), then from each bush it will be possible to remove up to three kilograms of berries per season. And the fruits will be large and sweet.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the advantages of the Gigantella strawberry variety are the following:
- Great taste.
- Resistant to transportation.
- Long-term storage.
The disadvantages of the variety include the following:
- Demanding care.
- Predisposition to certain diseases and pests.
- Poorly tolerates a drop in temperature.
- As the bush matures, the yield decreases.
Although strawberries are not too whimsical, they need regular care to get good yields - watering, feeding, weeding, protection from pests.
Watering, feeding and soil care
Strawberries Albion reacts negatively to a lack of moisture - the quality of the berries deteriorates, voids may appear in them. At the same time, excessive watering is also harmful, provoking decay. Therefore, you need to water it regularly (every 12-14 days), but in moderation. Before flowering, it is recommended to water by sprinkling, then along the grooves. But the best way is drip irrigation, since the water goes directly to the roots.
Tubes of the drip irrigation system are laid during the arrangement of the beds
The soil also needs regular maintenance. After each watering, it is necessary to pluck out weeds and destroy the soil crust by loosening (10-15 cm between rows and 2-3 cm near bushes). You can save yourself from this tedious work if you grow strawberries under a black film, but we must not forget that sometimes it provokes the spread of fungal diseases.
To increase the yield of remontant strawberries, it is recommended to remove the peduncles in the first wave of fruiting. This method allows you to significantly increase the yield of subsequent harvests.
Regular feeding is very important for remontant strawberries of any variety, since the plant is constantly forming a crop. The best fertilizer is organic - solutions of mullein or bird droppings, compost, manure. It is recommended to feed strawberries with liquid solutions every 2-3 weeks.
Mineral fertilizers are applied 3 times during the growing season:
- At the beginning of regrowth of young leaves, 0.5 l of urea solution (1 tbsp. L. Per bucket of water) is added per 1 bush or 50 g / m 2 of nitrophosphate.
- Before flowering, plants are fed 2 tbsp. l. nitroammophoska and 1 tsp. potassium sulfate in a bucket of water (0.5 liters per 1 bush).
- In the fall, after the end of fruiting, 1 liter is added to the plant of a solution of 10 liters of water with the addition of nitrophoska (2 tbsp. L.) And wood ash (1 glass).
Doses of fertilizers cannot be exceeded - the plant begins to build up its green mass to the detriment of the harvest.
Strawberries respond well to foliar feeding:
- In the spring, when the leaves grow back, spray with a 0.1% solution of manganese sulfate, 0.1% solution of boric acid, 0.05% solution of molybdenum-acid ammonium.
- In August, it is useful to carry out foliar feeding with urea (0.3%).
An important component of foliar dressing of strawberries is manganese sulfate.
Protection against diseases and pests
Despite the good resistance to most diseases, preventive treatments will be useful. In particular, it is recommended to apply after snowmelt, and then during flowering Fitosporin or Glyocladin. You can also increase resistance to diseases with the help of a soap-iodine solution (30 drops of iodine and 35–40 g of laundry soap in a bucket of water).
To protect against pests, preventive or therapeutic treatments will be required:
- Strawberry mites can be removed with a solution of colloidal sulfur (55–60 g per bucket of water).
- Pollination with ash or metaldehyde (3-4 g / m2) before flowering and after harvesting will help slugs.
- From nematodes can be treated with strong insecticides (Dinadim, BI-58). Better yet, destroy infected bushes. If the cuttings become short and deformed, and the leaf plates are twisted, you need to dig out the bush with the roots and burn it.
Strawberry pests in the photoThe tick eats young leaves, they shrink, and the berries become smaller Slugs are especially active in wet weather, they take root in berries, gnawing passages in them. Plants affected by the strawberry nematode lag behind in growth, turn yellow, their leaves are deformed and the fruits shrink
Preparing for winter
At the beginning of autumn, you need to start preparing strawberries for wintering:
- In September, loosen the soil two or three times to a depth of 5 cm.
- In October, after harvesting the last crop, mulch the planting with a 5-centimeter layer of peat or sawdust.
- In November, additionally cover the beds with spruce branches. If the winter is snowless, then another layer of straw or rotted manure is poured over the spruce branches.
Growing strawberries in flower pots and hydroponically
Besides cultivation in the open field and in greenhouses, there are other methods. Like other remontant varieties, Albion can be grown at home. Each bush is planted in an ordinary flower pot with a volume of at least 3 liters. The soil should be nutritious and, in addition, to ensure constant fruiting, you will need to feed the strawberries with solutions of organic and mineral fertilizers every two to three weeks.
Strawberries grown in a pot on a windowsill will delight with berries in winter
Another option for growing Albion strawberries, suitable for both industrial and home conditions, is growing in hydroponics. This means planting strawberries in containers filled with expanded clay or coconut fiber instead of soil. To ensure the growth, development and fruiting of plants, the substrate must be kept moist, and all the necessary nutrients are added to the irrigation water.
In hydroponics, with drip irrigation, strawberries develop well and bear fruit
Experienced gardening tips
Loamy soil is considered more suitable for further growing berries. On sandy soil, there will be no harvest, since it contains a small amount of nutrients. Water quickly leaves such soil.
Be sure to observe the distance between the bushes. Most often, people plant bushes in a checkerboard pattern. If the plants are more distant from each other, the light will fall on all the seedlings. Try to take into account the period of time in which they are planted on the site: in spring - until the end of May, in summer and autumn - from late August to mid-September.
- Before planting strawberries, the roots must be soaked in Kornevin's solution.
- The berry grows well and bears fruit in the area where there is a lot of light and loose earth.
- It will not work to grow it in the lowlands, a cold climate prevails there.
- It is not recommended to plant seedlings next to a plum.
- Strawberries will grow well where garlic or onions were previously planted.
After the first planting, strawberries can grow in one place for four years. After this time, it is necessary to transplant to another site. The root system must always be carefully straightened out when planted in open ground, otherwise decay will occur.(No ratings yet)